Initial Environmental Examination (IEE)
Projects in which the requirement for an EIA needs to be ascertained, should be subjected to an Initial Environmental Examination (IEE). IEE is carried out to determine whether potentially adverse environmental effects are significant or whether mitigation measures can be adopted to reduce or eliminate these adverse effects. IEErequires more in-depth analysis than applied in the screening procedure. Consequently, an IEE involves more time and resources.
IEE also requires expert advice and technical input from environmental specialists so that potential environmental problems can be clearly defined. When an IEE is able to provide a definite solution to environmental problems, an EIA is not necessary.
Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Management
Environmental Health and safety (EHS) management refers to a cyclical business process for systematically achieving a desired level of EHS performance. EHS management systems involve planning and implementing the necessary systems, programs and procedures to achieve that level of performance, checking the results and making adjustments, as necessary, to ensure that the desired level of performance is being achieved. It may also be desirable to achieve external certification to an acknowledged management system standard (such as ISO 14001 for example) to provide external verification that the building blocks of an accepted management system are in place.